The perfect plan for booklovers!
Add this book to bookshelf
Grey
Write a new comment Default profile 50px
Grey
Subscribe to read the full book or read the first pages for free!
All characters reduced
Concepts and Categories - Foundations for Sociological and Cultural Analysis - cover

Concepts and Categories - Foundations for Sociological and Cultural Analysis

Michael T. Hannan, Gaël Le Mens, Greta Hsu, Balázs Kovács, Giacomo Negro, László Pólos, Elizabeth Pontikes, Amanda J. Sharkey

Publisher: Columbia University Press

  • 0
  • 0
  • 0

Summary

Why do people like books, music, or movies that adhere consistently to genre conventions? Why is it hard for politicians to take positions that cross ideological boundaries? Why do we have dramatically different expectations of companies that are categorized as social media platforms as opposed to news media sites? The answers to these questions require an understanding of how people use basic concepts in their everyday lives to give meaning to objects, other people, and social situations and actions.In this book, a team of sociologists presents a groundbreaking model of concepts and categorization that can guide sociological and cultural analysis of a wide variety of social situations. Drawing on research in various fields, including cognitive science, computational linguistics, and psychology, the book develops an innovative view of concepts. It argues that concepts have meanings that are probabilistic rather than sharp, occupying fuzzy, overlapping positions in a “conceptual space.” Measurements of distances in this space reveal our mental representations of categories. Using this model, important yet commonplace phenomena such as our routine buying decisions can be quantified in terms of the cognitive distance between concepts. Concepts and Categories provides an essential set of formal theoretical tools and illustrates their application using an eclectic set of methodologies, from micro-level controlled experiments to macro-level language processing. It illuminates how explicit attention to concepts and categories can give us a new understanding of everyday situations and interactions.

Other books that might interest you

  • How CIOs Can Take Their Career to the Next Level - How CIOs Can Work With the Entire Company in Order to Be Successful - cover

    How CIOs Can Take Their Career...

    Dr. Jim Anderson

    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    It's only after you become a CIO that you truly start to understand all of the things that you don't know. Your technical skills are probably what got you this job, but they are not going to be enough to allow you to keep it. You are going to have to decide if it's going to take getting an MBA to allow you to get a seat at the table with the company's other decision makers. 
    
     
    What You'll Find Inside: 
    
    CIO’S WITH NO TIME FIND AN ALTERNATIVE TO AN MBA
    THE “R” WORD AND WHAT IT MEANS TO CIOS
    WHY IS THE CIO POSITION REPORTING STRUCTURE BROKEN? 
    DO YOU HAVE ENOUGH PERSONAL ENERGY TO BE CIO? 
    
    
     
    You want to become more than just a CIO, you want to become a high potential CIO who is known for going places. In order for this to happen, you are going to have to take action. You are going to have to find ways to make yourself valuable to your company. 
    
     
    Ultimately it all comes down to just exactly how much responsibility you are going to be willing to accept. The more that you are willing to take on, the more valuable you will become to the company. However, you need to be very careful and not go too far – the authority granted to you as CIO can be abused and then you may find yourself in a very difficult place. 
    
     
    The CIO job that you have today may not be your last job. If you are going to make a move to another CIO job, then you are going to want to make sure that you do it correctly. The last thing that you would want to do would be to make the wrong move. 
    
     
    In order to make the most of the CIO position, you need to be listened to by your company. This means that you need to be part of the right type of reporting structure. Not every industry gets this right; however, right now the power industry is starting to realize the importance of the CIO and it's a good place for a CIO to be. 
    
     
    To fully develop your CIO career is going to take a great deal of personal energy. This means that you are going to have to make sure that you have what it will take to be successful. No, you won't always be successful, but that's ok. Even the best of us stumble occasionally, but then we get right back up.
    Show book
  • The Mutual Fund Industry - Competition and Investor Welfare - cover

    The Mutual Fund Industry -...

    Michael Kohn, R. Glenn Hubbard,...

    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    Mutual funds form the bedrock of retirement savings in the United States, and, considering their rapid growth, are sure to be more critical in the future. Because the size of fees paid by investors to mutual fund advisers can strongly affect the return on investment, these fees have become a contentious issue in Congress and the courts, with many arguing that investment advisers grow rich at the expense of investors. This ground-breaking book not only conceptualizes a new economic model of the mutual fund industry, but also uses this model to test for price competition between investment advisers, evaluating the assertion that market forces fail to protect investors' returns from excessive fees. Highly experienced authors track the growth of the industry over the past twenty-five years and present arguments and evidence both for and against theories of adviser malfeasance. The authors review the regulatory history of mutual fund fees and summarize leading case decisions addressing excessive fees.Revealing the extent to which the governance structure of mutual funds truly impacts fund performance, this book provides the best understanding of today's mutual fund industry and is a vital tool for investors, money managers, fund directors, securities lawyers, economists, and anyone concerned with the regulation of mutual funds.
    Show book
  • Choose to Win - Transform Your Life One Simple Choice at a Time - cover

    Choose to Win - Transform Your...

    Tom Ziglar

    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    The secret to winning at life is one good choice at a time. 
    Are you frustrated with your job, career, or relationships? Are you unsure if what you are doing right now in your life is the right thing? In this revolutionary new book, success and motivation expert Tom Ziglar shares the good news that you can change and that, in fact, you can win at life. 
    Choose to Win shows you how to achieve massive change without massive upset. It all starts with identifying your why, which reveals the how that opens multiple doors of what. His revolutionary plan guides you through making one small choice at a time through a sequence of easy-to-follow steps in seven key areas: mental, spiritual, physical, family, finance, personal, and career. Ziglar also helps you identify the life-killing, unhealthy habits that cause misery, dissatisfaction, and lack of success—and, more importantly, how to implement positive habits through the trinity of transformation: desire, hope, and grit. The result is a more productive, more fulfilling, and more meaningful life.  
    You can take control of your destiny and leave the lasting legacy you've dreamed about and deserve. You simply need to choose to do so.
    Show book
  • Handbook for Strategic HR - Section 6 - Change Management - cover

    Handbook for Strategic HR -...

    OD Network, John Vogelsang PhD,...

    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    The pace of change is increasing and shows no signs of slowing down. This section brings you the best thinking from forty years of the OD Practitioner journal on:- The different kinds of change and what's needed to achieve each one.- What you must do to see change initiatives through to completion.- The enablers that must be in place for change to succeed.- Examining change from the change recipient’s point of view.- How to establish internal change agents who can help advocate for the change at ground-level.- Lessons on how to engage in change outside Western societies.- How to handle resistance to change.
    Show book
  • Hidden in Plain Sight - What Really Caused the World's Worst Financial Crisis—and Why It Could Happen Again - cover

    Hidden in Plain Sight - What...

    Peter J. Wallison

    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    The 2008 financial crisis—like the Great Depression—was a world-historical event. What caused it will be debated for years, if not generations. The conventional narrative is that the financial crisis was caused by Wall Street greed and insufficient regulation of the financial system. That narrative produced the Dodd-Frank Act, the mostcomprehensive financial-system regulation since the New Deal. There is evidence, however, that the Dodd-Frank Act has slowed the recovery from the recession. If insufficient regulation caused the financial crisis, then the Dodd-Frank Act will never be modified or repealed; proponents will argue that doing so will cause another crisis.A competing narrative about what caused the financial crisis has received little attention. This view, which is accepted by almost all Republicans in Congress and most conservatives, contends that the crisis was caused by government housing policies. This book extensively documents this view. For example, it shows that in June 2008, before the crisis, 58 percent of all US mortgages were subprime or other low-quality mortgages.  Of these, 76 percent were on the books of government agencies such as Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. When these mortgages defaulted in 2007 and 2008, they drove down housing prices and weakened banks and other mortgage holders, causing the crisis.After this book is published, no one will be able to claim that the financial crisis was caused by insufficient regulation, or defend Dodd-Frank, without coming to terms with the data this book contains.
    Show book
  • The Once and Future Worker - A Vision for the Renewal of Work in America - cover

    The Once and Future Worker - A...

    Oren Cass

    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    “[Cass’s] core principle—a culture of respect for work of all kinds—can help close the gap dividing the two Americas….” – William A. Galston, The Brookings Institution 
     
    The American worker is in crisis. Wages have stagnated for more than a generation. Reliance on welfare programs has surged. Life expectancy is falling as substance abuse and obesity rates climb.
     
    These woes are not the inevitable result of irresistible global and technological forces. They are the direct consequence of a decades-long economic consensus that prioritized increasing consumption—regardless of the costs to American workers, their families, and their communities. Donald Trump’s rise to the presidency focused attention on the depth of the nation’s challenges, yet while everyone agrees something must change, the Left’s insistence on still more government spending and the Right’s faith in still more economic growth are recipes for repeating the mistakes of the past.
     
    In this groundbreaking re-evaluation of American society, economics, and public policy, Oren Cass challenges our basic assumptions about what prosperity means and where it comes from to reveal how we lost our way. The good news is that we can still turn things around—if the nation’s proverbial elites are willing to put the American worker’s interests first.
     
    Which is more important, pristine air quality, or well-paying jobs that support families? Unfettered access to the cheapest labor in the world, or renewed investment in the employment of Americans? Smoothing the path through college for the best students, or ensuring that every student acquires the skills to succeed in the modern economy? Cutting taxes, expanding the safety net, or adding money to low-wage paychecks?
     
    The renewal of work in America demands new answers to these questions. If we reinforce their vital role, workers supporting strong families and communities can provide the foundation for a thriving, self-sufficient society that offers opportunity to all.
    Show book