Join us on a literary world trip!
Add this book to bookshelf
Grey
Write a new comment Default profile 50px
Grey
Subscribe to read the full book or read the first pages for free!
All characters reduced
The Spatha - The Roman Long Sword - cover

The Spatha - The Roman Long Sword

M.C. Bishop

Publisher: Osprey Publishing

  • 0
  • 0
  • 0

Summary

Adopted from the Celts in the 1st century BC, the spatha, a lethal and formidable chopping blade, became the primary sword of the Roman soldier in the Later Empire. Over the following centuries, the blade, its scabbard, and its system of carriage underwent a series of developments, until by the 3rd century AD it was the universal sidearm of both infantry and cavalry. 
 
 Thanks to its long reach, the spatha was the ideal cavalry weapon, replacing the long gladius hispaniensis in the later Republican period. As the manner in which Roman infantrymen fought evolved, styles of hand-to-hand combat changed so much that the gladius was superseded by the longer spatha during the 2nd century AD. Like the gladius, the spatha was technologically advanced, with a carefully controlled use of steel. Easy maintenance was key to its success and the spatha was designed to be easily repaired in the field where access to a forge may have been limited. It remained the main Roman sword into the Late Roman period and its influence survived into the Dark Ages with Byzantine, Carolingian and Viking blades. 
   
Drawing together historical accounts, excavated artefacts and the results of the latest scientific analyses of the blades, renowned authority M.C. Bishop reveals the full history of the development, technology, training and use of the spatha: the sword that defended an empire.

Other books that might interest you

  • Top-Down Crochet Sweaters - Fabulous Patterns with Perfect Fit - cover

    Top-Down Crochet Sweaters -...

    Dora Ohrenstein

    • 0
    • 1
    • 0
    Learn to apply the top-down construction method to crochet with fourteen gorgeous patterns you can adjust as you go for a customized fit! 
     
    Welcome to the new era of crochet. Making garments from the top down is a favorite knitting technique that allows knitters to test and adjust the fit as they go. Now, thanks to designer Dora Ohrenstein, crocheters will benefit for the first time from a pattern book featuring the same beloved approach.  
     
    These fourteen fashionable patterns are sure to flatter bodies of all shapes and sizes. Show-stopping original photography, an extensive discussion of the benefits of top-down construction, and detailed instructions on how and why to adjust the patterns to ensure an exquisite customized fit will have crocheters tying themselves in knots to start strutting their stuff!
    Show book
  • Snuggle and Play Crochet - 40 Amigurumi Patterns for Lovey Security Blankets and Matching Toys - cover

    Snuggle and Play Crochet - 40...

    Carolina Guzman Benitez

    • 0
    • 1
    • 0
    Simple patterns for cuddly characters and cozy blankets! 
     
    Snuggle up with a crochet comforter or play with a colorful character—these amigurumi patterns are simple to stitch and super cute! 
     
    Featuring unique crochet toy patterns including boy and girl dolls, dog and cat, bear and bunny, zebra, reindeer, monkey, and more, this amazing collection will give you a wide range of crochet toys and comfy blankets to create to delight the little ones in your life.
    Show book
  • Beginner's Guide to Canvaswork Embroidery - Over 30 Stitches for Canvaswork - cover

    Beginner's Guide to Canvaswork...

    Kate Haxell

    • 0
    • 1
    • 0
    Dive into the dimensions of this beautiful counted thread technique with this guide for novices from the author of The Stitch Bible. 
     
    Learn the basic stitches and essential techniques to create beautiful canvaswork embroidery with this comprehensive guide. Every stitch has clear step-by-step instructions and is accompanied by coloured diagrams, making it easy to create impressive embroidered designs. This short book also includes instructions for two projects—a modern bargello cushion and a whimsical clutch purse. 
     
    Praise for Kate Haxell’s The Stitch Bible 
     
    “A comprehensive guide. It’s such a modern and up to date book yet it wonderfully covers many types of traditional stitch from Blackwork, Hardanger, Crewel, and Goldwork all the way to the anything goes of Freestyle Embroidery. Great for folks wondering where to start, this book has projects. Beautifully presented and easy to follow, The Stitch Bible would make a top notch gift to self or others.” —Peaceofpi Studio
    Show book
  • My Crochet Doll - A Fabulous Crochet Doll Pattern with Over 50 Cute Crochet Doll Clothes and Accessories - cover

    My Crochet Doll - A Fabulous...

    Isabelle Kessedjian

    • 0
    • 1
    • 0
    Make adorable crochet dolls with over fifty unique patterns for clothes and accessories. 
     
    With a range of clothing and accessory patterns, dress up your doll for home and abroad, from basic underwear and shoes to dresses, dungarees, sweaters, coats, and hats. As well as wardrobe essentials, you can create accessories to match each outfit, including a teddy for bedtime, a bucket for the beach, cakes for the kitchen, and even a penguin for the North Pole! There’s a range of dressing-up costumes, with an adorable bear suit and a fun superhero mask and cape. The cute mini suitcase pattern is the perfect for storing all of your dolls belongings and it doubles up as a bed too! 
     
    Be aware that crochet terms in the United States are different from those in the U.K. This can be confusing as the same terms are used to refer to different stitches under each system. All crochet patterns in this book are written in U.K. and European terms. U.S. crocheters must take care that they work the correct stitches. One way to tell which system is being used in other patterns is that the American system starts with a single crochet, which the U.K. system doesn't have; so patterns with “sc” in them can be identified as American patterns.
    Show book
  • 3D Granny Squares - 100 Crochet Patterns for Pop-Up Granny Squares - cover

    3D Granny Squares - 100 Crochet...

    Celine Semaan, Caitie Moore,...

    • 0
    • 1
    • 0
    A creative new take on an old favorite—including delightful patterns for special occasions and gifts. 
     
    The humble granny square gets a fresh new look in this collection of 3D granny square crochet patterns. Choose your favorite from one hundred different designs including flowers, animals, food and drink, and motifs, whether it’s a fragrant rose, a cherry pie, or a jellyfish. Each motif features a 3D element that is integral to the granny square design. 
     
    There are also ten bright and beautiful projects showing you how to use the squares to make special gifts for friends and family including an animal themed baby blanket, a fruity cushion, and a decorative garland, and patterns designed for Christmas, birthdays, and other occasions.
    Show book
  • Stitch It for Spring - Seasonal Sewing Projects to Craft and Quilt - cover

    Stitch It for Spring - Seasonal...

    Lynette Anderson

    • 0
    • 1
    • 0
    Projects that capture the colors and comforts of spring from the popular fabric designer and author of Country Cottage Quilting.   A gorgeous collection of spring-themed quilting and stitching designs from top designer Lynette Anderson, including table runners, wall hangings, and larger quilts, as well as smaller, quick-to-stitch gifts, all featuring Lynette’s fabric range from Lecien. In a book designed to capture Lynette’s heartwarming and quirky style, beautiful fabrics, fresh colors, and cute motifs are used to create such projects as: Birdhouse Blossoms Picture, Garden Delights Table Centre, Dreaming Tree Journal, Hexagon Handbag, Night Owl Purse, Night and Day Charms, Spring Flower Quilt, and Sweet Rabbit Tea Towel.
    Show book