Join us on a literary world trip!
Add this book to bookshelf
Grey
Write a new comment Default profile 50px
Grey
Subscribe to read the full book or read the first pages for free!
All characters reduced
The Apocriphal Ladies - 'As fear frights tears from the Eyes so grief doth send them forth'' - cover

The Apocriphal Ladies - 'As fear frights tears from the Eyes so grief doth send them forth''

Margaret Cavendish

Publisher: Stage Door

  • 0
  • 0
  • 0

Summary

Margaret Lucas Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne was born in 1623 in Colchester, Essex into a family of comfortable means. 
As the youngest of eight children she spent much time with her siblings. Margaret had no formal education but she did have access to scholarly libraries and tutors, although she later said the children paid little attention to the tutors, who were there ‘rather for formality than benefit’.  
From an early age Margaret was already assembling her thoughts for future works despite the then conditions of society that women did not partake in public authorship.  For England it was also a time of Civil War. The Royalists were being pushed back and Parliamentary forces were in the ascendancy.  
Despite these obvious dangers, when Queen Henrietta Maria was in Oxford, Margaret asked her mother for permission to become one of her Ladies-in-waiting. She was accepted and, in 1644, accompanied the Queen into exile in France. This took her away from her family for the first time.  
Despite living at the Court of the young King Louis XIV, life for the young Margaret was not what she expected. She was far from her home and her confidence had been replaced by shyness and difficulties fitting in to the grandeur of her surroundings and the eminence of her company. 
Margaret told her mother she wanted to leave the Court. Her mother was adamant that she should stay and not disgrace herself by leaving.  She provided additional funds for her to make life easier.  Margaret remained.  It was now also that she met and married William Cavendish who, at the time, was the Marquis of Newcastle (and later Duke). He was also 30 years her senior and previously married with two children.  
As Royalists, a return to life in England was not yet possible.  They would remain in exile in Paris, Rotterdam and Antwerp until the restoration of the crown in 1660 although Margaret was able to return for attention to some estate matters.  The couple were devoted to each other.  Margaret wrote that he was the only man she was ever in love with, loving him not for title, wealth or power, but for merit, justice, gratitude, duty, and fidelity.  She also relied upon him for support in her career. The marriage provided no children despite efforts made by her physician to overcome her inability to conceive. 
Margaret’s first book, ‘Poems and Fancies’, was published in 1653; it was a collection of poems, epistles and prose pieces which explores her philosophical, scientific and aesthetic ideas.    
For a woman at this time writing and publishing were avenues they had great difficulty in pursuing.  Added to this was Margaret’s range of subjects. She wrote across a number of issues including gender, power, manners, scientific method, and philosophy.  
She always claimed she had too much time on her hands and was therefore able to indulge her love of writing. As a playwright she produced many works although most are as closet dramas. (This is a play not intended to be performed onstage, but instead read by a solitary reader or perhaps out loud in a small group. For Margaret the rigours of exile, her gender and Cromwell’s closing of the theatres mean this was her early vehicle of choice and, despite these handicaps, she became one of the most well-known playwrights in England) 
Her utopian romance, ‘The Blazing World’, (1666) is one of the earliest examples of science fiction. Margaret also published extensively in natural philosophy and early modern science; at least a dozen books.  
Margaret was always defended against any criticism by her husband and he also contributed to some of her works. She also gives him credit as her writing tutor.  
Perhaps a little strangely she said her ambition despite her shyness, was to have everlasting fame. This she has very much accomplished.  
Margaret Cavendish died on 15th December 1673 and was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Other books that might interest you

  • Love or Money? - cover

    Love or Money?

    Rowena Akinyemi

    • 0
    • 6
    • 0
    It is Molly Clarkson's fiftieth birthday. She is having a party. She is rich, but she is having a small party - only four people. Four people, however, who all need the same thing: they need her money. She will not give them the money, so they are waiting for her to die. And there are other people who are also waiting for her to die. But one person can't wait. And so, on her fiftieth birthday, Molly Clarkson is going to die.
    Show book
  • Six Canonical Projects by Rem Koolhaas - Essays on the History of Ideas - cover

    Six Canonical Projects by Rem...

    Ingrid Böck

    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    Rem Koolhaas has been part of the international avant-garde since the nineteen-seventies and has been named the Pritzker Architecture Prize for the year 2000. This book, which builds on six canonical Koolhaas projects, traces the discursive practice behind the design methods used by Koolhaas and his office OMA. It uncovers recurring key themes—such as wall, void, montage, trajectory, infrastructure, and shape—that have structured this design discourse over the span of Koolhaas's oeuvre. The book moves beyond the six core pieces, as well: It explores how these identified thematic design principles manifest in other works by Koolhaas as both practical re-applications and further elaborations.
    In addition to Koolhaas's individual genius, these textual and material layers are accounted for shaping the very context of his work's relevance. By comparing the design principles with relevant concepts from the architectural Zeitgeist in which Koolhaas has operated, the study moves beyond its specific subject—Rem Koolhaas—and provides novel insight into the broader history of architectural ideas.
    Published with the generous support of the Austrian Science Fund (FWF).
    Show book
  • Kenneth Burke's Permanence and Change - A Critical Companion - cover

    Kenneth Burke's Permanence and...

    Ann George

    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    Since its publication in 1935, Kenneth Burke’s Permanence and Change, a text that can serve as an introduction to all his theories, has become a landmark of rhetorical theory. Using new archival sources and contextualizing Burke in the past and present, Ann George offers the first sustained exploration of this work and seeks to clarify the challenging book for both amateurs and scholars of rhetoric.
    
    This companion to Permanence and Change explains Burke’s theories through analysis of key concepts and methodology, demonstrating how, for Burke, all language and therefore all culture is persuasive by nature. Positioning Burke’s book as a pioneering volume of New Rhetoric, George presents it as an argument against systemic violence, positivism, and moral relativism. Permanence and Change has become the focus of much current rhetorical study, but George introduces Burke’s previously unavailable outlines and notes, as well as four drafts of the volume, to investigate his work more deeply than ever before. Through further illumination of the book’s development, publication, and reception, George reveals Burke as a public intellectual and critical educator, rather than the eccentric, aloof genius earlier scholars imagined him to be.
    
    George argues that Burke was not ahead of his time, but rather deeply engaged with societal issues of the era. She redefines Burke’s mission as one of civic engagement, to convey the ethics and rhetorical practices necessary to build communities interested in democracy and human welfare—lessons that George argues are as needed today as they were in the 1930s.
    Show book
  • 100 Words Every 4th Grader Should Know - cover

    100 Words Every 4th Grader...

    Editors of the American Heritage...

    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    This A-to-Z reference is a fun way for elementary-school kids to improve their vocabulary—and become better readers and writers.   With 100 Words Every Fourth Grader Should Know, parents and teachers can present new and challenging words that will prepare kids to excel in their classes and in their reading.   From accommodate to zest, each entry includes the word’s pronunciation, clear definitions of its various senses, and one or more short example sentences—along with longer quotations from such literary sources as The Hobbit and Island of the Blue Dolphins showing how the word is used in a broader context.  
    Show book
  • Wolfgang Hohlbein - Age of Dragons - PONS Fantasy auf Englisch - cover

    Wolfgang Hohlbein - Age of...

    Wolfgang Hohlbein

    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    Englisch lernen mit dem Meister der Fantasy (Ab dem 3. Lernjahr Englisch) - Faszinierende Drachenabenteuer von Wolfgang Hohlbein. Über 3 Stunden Hörspaß: eine spannende Fantasy-Geschichte von Wolfgang Hohlbein auf Englisch. Mit dem gesamten Text, Vokabelhilfen, Hörverständnisfragen und vielen Übungen als PDF. Besser Englisch verstehen und sprechen mit einer coolen Drachenstory.Age of Dragons: Timucin hat keinen leichten Stand im Klan. Die anderen Jungkrieger machen ihm das Leben schwer, denn im Bogenschießen und im Schwertkampf ist er nur Mittelmaß. Zudem hat er panische Angst vor Hunden, obwohl der Hund doch der engste Freund eines jeden Kriegers ist! Sogar Timucins Schwurbruder Chuzir fällt ihm in den Rücken und verbündet sich mit seinen Gegnern. Doch Timucin hat ein besonderes Geheimnis: Nachts bekommt er Besuch von einem rätselhaften Drachen. Dann lernt er die stolze Arbesa kennen und muss sich schließlich der schwersten aller Prüfungen stellen. Zu diesem Titel erhalten Sie eine PDF-Datei, die nach dem Kauf automatisch Ihrer Bibliothek hinzugefügt wird.
    Show book
  • English Vocabulary Master: 300 Idioms (Proficiency Level: Intermediate Advanced B2-C1 – Listen & Learn) - cover

    English Vocabulary Master: 300...

    Dorota Guzik, Dominika Tkaczyk

    • 0
    • 2
    • 0
    Do you want to master the vocabulary required to conduct conversations freely in various situations?  
    Listen to “English Vocabulary Master – 300 Idioms”. This audio course on an intermediate / advanced level is aimed to teach and consolidate knowledge of more than 300 idiomatic phrases that occur most frequently in everyday conversations. Learning takes place through the association of meanings in contexts. The set of exercises in each lesson allow the learner to master and consolidate the expressions quickly. This is effective learning, easy and accessible to everyone. 
    Each lesson contains:• Listen – all the expressions recorded with translations; learning of idioms in contexts; an interesting story;• Repeat – repeating and consolidating of whole sentences in various situations;• Speak – independent formation of sentences in accordance with the teacher’s instructions (the recordings of example answers will enable you to check your answers immediately). 
    E-book (PDF file) contains:• texts of all the recordings and answers to the exercises;• a Glossary: expressions with translations into French, German, Spanish, Polish, Russian, Japanese.
    Show book