The perfect plan for booklovers!
Add this book to bookshelf
Grey
Write a new comment Default profile 50px
Grey
Subscribe to read the full book or read the first pages for free!
All characters reduced
The Communist Manifesto - cover

The Communist Manifesto

Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels

Translator Samuel Moore

Publisher: Cheapest Books

  • 0
  • 3
  • 0

Summary

The “Manifesto of the Communist Party” was written by Marx and Engels as the Communist League’s programme on the instruction of its Second Congress (London, November 29-December 8, 1847), which signified a victory for the followers of a new proletarian line during the discussion of the programme questions.   When Congress was still in preparation, Marx and Engels arrived at the conclusion that the final programme document should be in the form of a Party manifesto (see Engels’ letter to Marx of November 23-24, 1847). The catechism form usual for the secret societies of the time and retained in the “Draft of a Communist Confession of Faith” and “Principles of Communism,” was not suitable for a full and substantial exposition of the new revolutionary world outlook, for a comprehensive formulation of the proletarian movement’s aims and tasks. See also “Demands of the Communist Party in Germany,” issued by Marx soon after publication of the Manifesto, which addressed the immediate demands of the movement.   Marx and Engels began working together on the Manifesto while they were still in London immediately after the congress, and continued until about December 13 when Marx returned to Brussels; they resumed their work four days later (December 17) when Engels arrived there. After Engels’ departure for Paris at the end of December and up to his return on January 31, Marx worked on the Manifesto alone.   The first edition of the Manifesto was a 23-page pamphlet in a dark green cover. In April-May 1848 another edition was put out. The text took up 30 pages, some misprints of the first edition were corrected, and the punctuation improved. Subsequently this text was used by Marx and Engels as a basis for later authorised editions. Between March and July 1848 the Manifesto was printed in the Deutsche Londoner Zeitung, a democratic newspaper of the German emigrants. Already that same year numerous efforts were made to publish the Manifesto in other European languages. A Danish, a Polish (in Paris) and a Swedish (under a different title: “The Voice of Communism. Declaration of the Communist Party”) editions appeared in 1848. The translations into French, Italian and Spanish made at that time remained unpublished. In April 1848, Engels, then in Barmen, was translating the Manifesto into English, but he managed to translate only half of it, and the first English translation, made by Helen Macfarlane, was not published until two years later, between June and November 1850, in the Chartist journal The Red Republican. Its editor, Julian Harney, named the authors for the first time in the introduction to this publication. All earlier and many subsequent editions of the Manifesto were anonymous.

Other books that might interest you

  • Conspiring with the Enemy - The Ethic of Cooperation in Warfare - cover

    Conspiring with the Enemy - The...

    Yvonne Chiu

    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    Despite the strong influence of just war theory in military law and practice, warfare is commonly considered devoid of morality. Yet even in the most horrific of human activities, there is frequent communication and cooperation between enemies. One remarkable example is the Christmas truce—unofficial ceasefires between German and English trenches in December 1914 in which soldiers even mingled in No Man’s Land.In Conspiring with the Enemy, Yvonne Chiu offers a new understanding of why and how enemies work together to constrain violence in warfare. Chiu argues that what she calls an ethic of cooperation is found in modern warfare to such an extent that it is often taken for granted. The importance of cooperation becomes especially clear when wartime ethics reach a gray area: To whom should the laws of war apply? Who qualifies as a combatant? Should guerrillas or terrorists receive protections? Fundamentally, Chiu shows, the norms of war rely on consensus on the existence and content of the laws of war. In a wide-ranging consideration of pivotal instances of cooperation, Chiu examines weapons bans, treatment of prisoners of war, and the Geneva Conventions, as well as the tensions between the ethic of cooperation and the pillars of just war theory. An original exploration of a crucial but overlooked phenomenon, Conspiring with the Enemy is a significant contribution to military ethics and political philosophy.
    Show book
  • Obama's Dream - A Divine Revelation in the Style of Shakespeare a Primer for the Days of Trump - cover

    Obama's Dream - A Divine...

    A LeRoy

    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    To Heaven and Back Again, In Shakespearean Verse!
     
    (Also available with the author’s narration)
     
    The leading epic poet of our age, LeRoy recalls the majestic visions of Dante and Homer as he takes the former president on a shamanic journey through time and space, even to the throne of God!
     
    What lessons must the politician learn before he hands over the keys of empire to Donald Trump? He has an angel to guide him, a philosopher to counsel him, and the lessons of history to instruct him. But will he heed Heaven's message?
     
    This story may remind the reader of Scrooge's revelation in A Christmas Carol, Homer's scenes of warring gods, or Dante's ascent with Beatrice.
     
    Herein, a divine revelation awaits you!
     
    "Captivated me from start to end… Deeply stirring, intelligent and amusing in turn… Takes the reader on a fantastic journey across time and space… Cleverly done!… A must-read for those into politics and literature… A true classic. "Reader Reviews
     
    "Absolutely wonderful and hypnotic narration, his voice flowing over gently with the narrative song of his words." Amy’s Bookshelf Reviews
    Show book
  • The Crisis of the Twelfth Century - Power Lordship and the Origins of European Government - cover

    The Crisis of the Twelfth...

    Thomas N. Bisson

    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    Medieval civilization came of age in thunderous events like the Norman Conquest and the First Crusade. Power fell into the hands of men who imposed coercive new lordships in quest of nobility. Rethinking a familiar history, Thomas Bisson explores the circumstances that impelled knights, emperors, nobles, and churchmen to infuse lordship with social purpose. 
    Bisson traces the origins of European government to a crisis of lordship and its resolution. King John of England was only the latest and most conspicuous in a gallery of bad lords who dominated the populace instead of ruling it. Yet, it was not so much the oppressed people as their tormentors who were in crisis. The Crisis of the Twelfth Century suggests what these violent people—and the outcries they provoked—contributed to the making of governments in kingdoms, principalities, and towns.
    Show book
  • Righteous Transgressions - Women's Activism on the Israeli and Palestinian Religious Right - cover

    Righteous Transgressions -...

    Lihi Ben Shitrit

    • 0
    • 1
    • 0
    A comparative look at female political activism in today's most influential Israeli and Palestinian religious movements 
    How do women in conservative religious movements expand spaces for political activism in ways that go beyond their movements' strict ideas about male and female roles? How and why does this activism happen in some movements but not in others? Righteous Transgressions examines these questions by comparatively studying four groups: the Jewish settlers in the West Bank, the ultra-Orthodox Shas, the Islamic Movement in Israel, and the Palestinian Hamas. Lihi Ben Shitrit demonstrates that women's prioritization of a nationalist agenda over a proselytizing one shapes their activist involvement. 
    Ben Shitrit shows how women construct "frames of exception" that temporarily suspend, rather than challenge, some of the limiting aspects of their movements' gender ideology. Viewing women as agents in such movements, she analyzes the ways in which activists use nationalism to astutely reframe gender role transgressions from inappropriate to righteous. The author engages the literature on women's agency in Muslim and Jewish religious contexts, and sheds light on the centrality of women's activism to the promotion of the spiritual, social, cultural, and political agendas of both the Israeli and Palestinian religious right. 
    Looking at the four most influential political movements of the Israeli and Palestinian religious right, Righteous Transgressions reveals how the bounds of gender expectations can be crossed for the political good.
    Show book
  • 1948 - Harry Truman's Improbable Victory and the Year that Transformed America - cover

    1948 - Harry Truman's Improbable...

    David Pietrusza

    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    The wild, combative inside story of the most stunning upset in the history of presidential elections—Harry Truman's victory over Tom Dewey: “Outstanding.”—Minneapolis Star-Tribune In this lively account, award-winning historian David Pietrusza unpacks the most ingloriously iconic headline in the history of presidential elections—DEWEY DEFEATS TRUMAN—to reveal the 1948 campaign's backstage events and recount the down-to-the-wire brawl fought against the background of an erupting Cold War, the Berlin Airlift, the birth of Israel, and a post-war America facing exploding storms over civil rights and domestic communism. “Coherent, compelling…A skillful, authoritative investigation.”—Kirkus Reviews “A terrific book…a must-read.”—Ron Faucheux, former editor-in-chief, Campaigns & Elections magazine “Brilliantly portrays President Harry Truman's successful efforts to stave off the challenge of New York Gov. Tom Dewey, who was making a repeat bid as the Republican nominee.”—David Mark, author of Going Dirty: The Art of Negative Campaigning “Sweeping…compelling.”—Library Journal    “Gripping detail.”—The New York Journal of Books
    Show book
  • At the End of the Shift - Mines and Single-Industry Towns in Northern Ontario - cover

    At the End of the Shift - Mines...

    Matt Bray, Ashley Thomson

    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    Mining has played a formative role in the history of Northern Ontario. It has been one of the key generators of wealth in the area since the mid-19th century, and is also responsible for much of the urban development of Ontario's northland. The twelve papers published here came out of the second annual confernce of Northern Ontario research and development held in 1990. The papers are grouped into four sections, the early years; the era of government intervention; the present and finally the future and what can be done to maintain the commnities.
    Show book